Baytril for treating bacterial infection in dogs
(redirects here from enrofloxacin)
Learn about the enrofloxacin (Baytril) for dogs, including the guideline dosage, safety information and side effects.
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Enrofloxacin, the active ingredient of Baytril, is an antibiotic medication with a wide spectrum of efficacy against different types of bacteria as it is effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Unlike many forms of bacteria, enrofloxacin is highly effective against Staphylococcus and Pseudomonas making it a popular choice for treatment of such infections. Aside from this, it is also commonly used in the treatment of ear and skin infections.
Baytril dosage for dogs
The typical dosage of Baytril prescribed by vets as outlined by the FDA ranges from 2.27 to 9.07 mg/lb body weight (5 – 20 mg/kg) administered once a day. Alternatively, the dosage can be divided in half and administered twice a day at 12 hour intervals.
Is Baytril safe for dogs?
Baytril has been tested safe for use in dogs, and should not cause any serious problems when administered under veterinary guidance and approval, assuming you follow the instructions outlined by your vet.
- Do not administer to dogs allergic to fluroquinolone antibiotics
- Avoid use in dogs under 1 year of age (under 18 months for some breeds)
- Notify the vet of any other medication which your dog is taking
- Notify the vet of any existing medical conditions your dog suffers from (particularly liver or kidney disease)
- Avoid use in pregnant and nursing pups
Baytril has an effect on bone growth and development and so it is advised to avoid use in dogs under 12 to 18 months depending on breed, and to avoid giving the drug to pregnant/nursing dogs. When giving Baytril to your dog, you should be wary of signs of allergy. If your dog shows signs of allergic reaction such as difficulty breathing, rashes and swelling you should seek emergency veterinary attention. Complete the full course of medication even after symptoms improve.
Uses of Baytril for dogs
Baytril is an antibiotic effective against a wide range of bacteria, and commonly used to treat:
Side effects of Baytril when given to dogs
Be careful of allergic reaction, signs such as swelling, rashes, hives and difficulty breathing are all symptoms that your dog has an allergy to the substance. In such instances you should stop administering the medicine and seek emergency veterinary care.
Other side effects of Baytril includes diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue, convulsions and in dogs with CNS conditions seizures may occur. During long-term use of the drug, cataracts may develop. Notify the vet if your dog develops symptoms which appear to be causing your pet distress.