Canine Antibiotics: Ciprofloxacin For Dogs

Learn about the use of Cipro (ciprofloxacin) for dogs, including the dosage, safety precautions and side effects.

Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic medication which is effective against a wide range of bacterial infections. Similar to Clavamox for dogs, ciprofloxacin is effective in the treatment of both gram-positive and gram-negative strains bacteria. This drug requires a prescription before use, which means a veterinary visit is required.

Ciprofloxacin dosage for dogs

You should follow the precise dosing instructions of your vet. Ciprofloxacin may be sold as either 250 or 500 mg tablets, and is most commonly given to dogs at dosages of 2.27 – 6.8 mg/lb body weight to be given twice a day (12 hour intervals).

Is ciprofloxacin safe for dogs?

Ciprofloxacin is safe when used responsibly with veterinary guidance and approval. As an antibiotic it may cause allergic reactions in some pets, especially those with a known sensitivity to medication of this type. You should watch your pet closely after administering this drug to ensure there are no adverse side effects.

Safety precautions

  • Never administer to dogs allergic to fluoroquinolone-based antibiotics
  • Avoid use in growing dogs
  • Avoid use in pregnant/lactating dogs
  • Avoid use in seizure-prone dogs
  • Do not administer this drug to treat viruses
  • Complete the full course of medication
  • Never give ciprofloxacin to your dog without a veterinary prescription

Use of ciprofloxacin should be avoided for pets still growing as the drug is known to have detrimental effects on the development of bones and joints. Halting treatment early may lead to the infection coming back and symptoms worsening, because of this you should complete the full course of medication even if your pet appears to be feeling better. As this medicine is an antibiotic, it is totally ineffective at treating viruses.

Uses of ciprofloxacin for dogs

Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic, and therefore it is effective in the treatment of:

  • Bacterial infections

It is most commonly used to treat Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs), respiratory infections and skin infections.

Side effects of ciprofloxacin when given to dogs

Look out for signs of allergy. If your dog displays symptoms of an allergic reaction such as difficulty breathing, rashes and hives, then you should stop administering the drug and seek emergency veterinary attention.

Other possible side effects include gastric upset (vomiting and diarrhea), fatigue, loss of appetite, cataracts, convulsions and seizures in susceptible dogs.

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