Enalapril For Dogs With Heart Disease
The following information details the dosage, side effects, safety measures and more for the drug enalapril. This is a serious medication that requires a formal diagnosis and prescription from a trained veterinarian prior to use.
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Enalapril, marketed under brand names “Enacard” and “Vasotec”, is a medication primarily used to treat dogs with heart disease and high blood pressure. It works by inhibiting an enzyme which produces a substance that makes blood vessels constrict. As a result, when this enzyme is inhibited, blood vessels in the body relax, lowering blood pressure and allowing blood to flow more freely.
Enalapril dosage for dogs
The standard dosage of enalapril for dogs is 0.25 mg per pound on a once-a-day (once every 24 hours) basis. Medicine like this is very serious and an overdose could be dangerous. The vet may adjust the dosage depending on how your pet reacts to it.
Is enalapril safe for dogs?
In dogs which have a need for this medicine, it is safer than not taking it. However, you will need to be more careful with your dog when he or she is taking this drug. You will need to provide a lot of water, because if your dog becomes dehydrated its blood pressure could drop dangerously low, as well as triggering other serious problems such as kidney failure.
- Consult with a vet prior to using this drug
- Take care to keep your pet fully hydrated
- Notify the vet if your dog has allergies to ACE inhibitors
- Notify the vet of all existing medical conditions
- Be sure no other medication your dog is on interacts with this drug
This is a serious medication, and as such you should exercise caution with any pet taking this drug. You will need to keep a regular check on your dog’s blood pressure throughout the time of their treatment to make sure all is in order.
If your dog begins displaying symptoms such as fainting, or appears to be urinating more or less than usual, seek medical advice immediately. These are signs of a serious problem developing in your dog which needs urgent attention.
Uses of enalapril for dogs
Uses of enalapril includes the treatment of canine conditions such as:
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Other diseases off-label
Side effects when giving enalapril to your dog
Watch out for more serious symptoms of allergy to the drug such as difficulty breathing and swelling. Also monitor your dog, if they appear to be urinating more or less, or not at all, then your dog could have kidney damage. Your dog may also begin fainting. If any of these symptoms present themselves seek medical attention urgently. More common side effects include coughing, changes in appetite, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea, rashes and itching. You should seek advice from a vet in these cases.